Gaurav Kukade
Gaurav Kukade Hi 👋🏼 I'm Gaurav Kukade, a software developer. I write tutorials for Java programming language and related technologies.

How To Add An Element To ArrayList In Java?

In this article, we will see how to add an element in ArrayList. Also, we will see how can we add an element at particular index in ArrayList.

Introduction

We can add an element to the end of ArrayList using the add(E e) method.

To add an element to a particular index, we can use the add(int index, E element) method.

Let’s see these two methods one by one.

1. add(E e)

This method has a signature as public boolean add(E e).

This method adds an element to the end of the list.

This method returns true if the element is added to the list otherwise, it returns false.

Let’s see a java program to add an element to the list using the above method.

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import java.util.ArrayList;

/**
 * A Java program to add an element to the list.
 * 
 * The add(E e) method will add an element to 
 * the end of the arrayList.
 * 
 * @author Guarav Kukade at coderolls.com
 *
 */
public class ArrayListExample {

	public static void main(String[] args) {
		
		ArrayList<String> arrayList = new ArrayList<String>();
		
		//adding elements to the arrayList
		arrayList.add("Gaurav");
		arrayList.add("Shyam");
		
		System.out.println(arrayList);// [Gaurav, Shyam]
		
		// adding an element to  the arrayList
		// element will be added to the end of the arrayList
		arrayList.add("Saurav");
		
		System.out.println(arrayList); // [Gaurav, Shyam, Saurav]

	}
}

Output:

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2
[Gaurav, Shyam]
[Gaurav, Shyam, Saurav]

2. add(int index, E element)

This method has a method signature as public void add(int index, E element).

This method adds an element at the specified index.

This method has a return type as void so, it will not return anything.

Below, we will see a java program to add an element at the specified index in ArrayList.

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import java.util.ArrayList;

/**
 * A Java program to add an element at the specific index.
 * 
 * The add(int index, E element) method will add 
 * an element at the specified index in ArrayList.
 * 
 * @author Guarav Kukade at coderolls.com
 *
 */
public class ArrayListAddExample {

	public static void main(String[] args) {
		
		ArrayList<String> arrayList = new ArrayList<String>();
		
		//adding elements to the arrayList using normal add method
		arrayList.add("Gaurav");
		arrayList.add("Shyam");
		
		System.out.println(arrayList);// [Gaurav, Shyam]
		
		// adding an element to  the arrayList at index 1
		arrayList.add(1, "Saurav");
		
		System.out.println(arrayList); // [Gaurav, Saurav, Shyam]
	}
}

Output:

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2
[Gaurav, Shyam]
[Gaurav, Saurav, Shyam]

Conclusion

We can add element to the ArrayList using add() method in two ways.

  1. add(E e) - It will add an element to the end of the ArrayList
  2. add(int index, E element)- This method will add an element at the specified index

The example java programs given in the above tutorial can be found at this GitHub Repository.

If you know any other ways, you a can write a comment below.

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